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Projects 1-10

Prepared Speech Project 1-10

This manual helps you to develop the basic skills that you need to prepare and present an effective speech. The manual is organized into ten separate projects, each with its own individual focus or objective. An extremely effective tool in developing your speaking skills, the Competent Communication manual never tells you exactly what to do or what to speak about, but rather it provides a set of guidelines for you to think about as you prepare your speech. After completing the Competent Communication manual, you earn Competent Communicator (CC) or Competent Toastmaster (CTM) recognition and are able to focus your efforts on the projects in the advanced speech manuals of the Toastmasters program.

Project No.1
1. The Ice Breaker
For your first speech project, you will introduce yourself to your fellow club members and give them some information about your background, interests, and ambitions. Practice giving your speech to friends or family members, and strive to make eye contact with some of your audience. You may use notes during your speech if you wish. Read the entire project before preparing your talk.

Time: 4 - 6 minutes

• To begin speaking before an audience.
• To discover speaking skills you already have and skills that need some attention
• To introduce yourself to your fellow club members.

For new members who would like to begin preparing their first speech before receiving their manuals,

Project No.2
2. Organize Your Speech
Good speech organization is essential if your audience is to understand your presentation. You must take the time to put your ideas together in an orderly manner. You can organize your speech in several different ways; choose the outline that best suits your topic. The opening should catch the audience's attention, the body must support the idea you want to convey, and the conclusion should reinforce your ideas and be memorable. Transitions between thoughts should be smooth.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Select an appropriate outline which allows listeners to easily follow and understand your speech.
• Make your message clear, with supporting material directly contributing to that message.
• Use appropriate transitions when moving from one idea to another.
• Create a strong opening and conclusion.

Project No.3
3. Get to the Point
Every speech must have a general and a specific purpose. A general purpose is to inform, to persuade, to entertain, or to inspire. A specific purpose is what you want the audience to do after listening to your speech. Once you have established your general and specific purposes, you'll find it easy to organize your speech. You'll also have more confidence, which makes you more convincing, enthusiastic, and sincere. Of course, the better organized the speech is, the more likely it is to achieve your purpose.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Organize the speech in a manner that best achieves those purposes.
• Ensure the beginning, body, and conclusion reinforce the purpose.
• Project sincerity and conviction and control any nervousness you may feel.
• Strive not to use notes.

Project No.4
4. How to Say It
Words are powerful. They convey your message and influence the audience and its perception of you. Word choice and arrangement need just as much attention as speech organization and purpose. Select clear, accurate, descriptive and short words that best communicate your ideas and arrange them effectively and correctly. Every word should add value, meaning, and punch to the speech.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Select the right words and sentence structure to communicate your ideas clearly,accurately and vividly.
• Use rhetorical devices to enhance and emphasize ideas.
• Eliminate jargon and unnecessary words. Use correct grammar.

Project No.5
5. Your Body Speaks
Body language is an important part of speaking because it enhances your message and gives you more credibility. It also helps release any nervousness you may feel. Stance, movement, gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact help communicate your message and achieve your speech's purpose. Body language should be smooth, natural, and convey the same message that your listeners hear.

Read: Gestures: Your Body Speaks (Catalog #201), which you received in your New Member Kit.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Use stance, movement, gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact to express tour message and achieve your speech's purpose.
• Make your body language smooth and natural.
• Focus on methods of delivery, but do not overlook speech content.

Project No.6
6. Vocal Variety
Your voice has a major effect on your audience. A lively, excited voice attracts and keeps listeners' attention. A speaking voice should be pleasant, natural, forceful, expressive, and easily heard. Use volume, pitch, rate, and quality as well as appropriate pauses to reflect and add meaning and interest to your message. Your voice should reflect the thoughts you are presenting.

Review Your Speaking Voice (Catalog #199), which you received in your New Member Kit.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Use voice volume, pitch, rate, and quality to reflect and add meaning and interest to your message..
• Use pauses to enhance your message.
• Use vocal variety smoothly and naturally.

Project No.7
7. Research Your Topic
Your speech will be more effective if you can support your main points with statistics, testimony, stories, anecdotes, examples, visual aids and facts. You can find this material on the Internet, at a library, and in other places. Use information collected from numerous sources and carefully support points with specific facts, examples and illustrations, rather than with just your own opinions.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Collect information about your topic from numerous sources.
• Carefully support your points and opinions with specific facts, examples, and illustrations gathered through research.

Project No.8
8. Get Comfortable with Visual Aids
Visual aids help an audience understand and remember what they hear; they are a valuable tool for speakers. The most popular visual aid are computer-based visuals, overhead transparencies, flip charts, whiteboards, and props. The type of visual aid you choose depends on several factors, including the information you wish to display and the size of the audience. Visuals must be appropriate for your message and the audience, and be displayed correctly with ease and confidence.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Select visual aids that are appropriate for your message and the audience.
• Use visual aids correctly with ease and confidence.

Project No.9
9. Persuade with Power
The ability to persuade – to get other people to understand, accept, and act upon your ideas – is a valuable skill. Your listeners will be more likely to be persuaded if they perceive you as credible, if you use logic and emotion in your appeal, if you carefully structure your speech and if you appeal to their interests. Avoid using notes because they may cause listeners to doubt your sincerity, knowledge, and conviction.

Time: 5 - 7 minutes

• Persuade listeners to adopt your viewpoint or ideas or to take some action.
• Appealing to the audience's interests.
• Use logic and emotion to support your position.
• Avoid using notes.

Project No.10
10. Inspire Your Audience
An inspirational speech motivates an audience to improve personally, emotionally, professionally, or spiritually and relies heavily on emotional appeal. It brings the audience together in a mood of fellowship and shared desire, builds the audience's enthusiasm, then proposes a change or plan and appeals to the audience to adopt this change or plan.

This speech will last longer than your previous talks, so make arrangements in advance with your VP Education and meeting Toastmaster for extra time.

Time: 8 - 10 minutes

• To inspire the audience by appealing to noble motives and challenging the audience to achieve a higher level of beliefs or achievement.
• Appeal to the audience's needs and emotions, using stories, anecdotes and quotes to add drama.
• Avoid using notes.

When members finished the 10 projects above, below are the advanced manuals available for members to continue their Toastmaster journey:
# The Entertaining Speaker 5 Projects.
# Speaking to Inform 5 Projects.
# Public Relations 5 Projects.
# The Discussion Leader 5 Projects.
# Specialty Speeches 5 Projects.
# Speeches by Management 5 Projects.
# The Professional Speaker 5 Projects.
# Technical Presentations 5 Projects.
# Persuasive Speaking 5 Projects.
# Communicating on Television 5 Projects.
# Storytelling 5 Projects.
# Interpretive Reading 5 Projects.
# Interpersonal Communication 5 Projects.
# Special Occasion Speeches 5 Projects.
# Humorously Speaking 5 Projects.